How to use spinning reel (complete guide)

  • By: fishlovers
  • Date: July 15, 2023
  • Time to read: 10 min.

The spinning equipment takes its name from the type of reel used to throw its line: it is called spinning reel (US) or reel fixed reel. This type of reel and gear is the one most commonly found among sea anglers (except for very large fish) or for trout fishing.

The ingenuity and materials of the different periods gave rise to solutions that were at first simple but adapted and then more and more technological.

[What] is a fishing reel?

The reel is the essential element of any fisherman’s success. it is the reliability of the reel that ensures the performance of your fishing. To improve this yield, the fisherman must know the operating principle of his reel.


Principle of a spinning reel

On a fixed spinning reel it is a rotor rotating around the reel which allows winding the wire by driving the pick-up and its roller on which the wire slides. The rotor is driven in its rotation by operating the crank of the reel.

This type of reel may be called “fixed drum”, the crank also makes it possible to oscillate the reel to be able to wind the wire on all the height of this one. Several oscillation systems according to the manufacturers allow to have a uniform distribution.

A spinning reel tends to twist somewhat the wire stored there by its operation. The use of lines such as braid or flurorocarbon deserve some attention when choosing the spinning reel:

– A 100% flurorocarbon needs a coil large enough to mitigate this effect of tendrils.

– The use of braid requires oscillation of the coil which will prevent the turns of braids can “overlap” during a significant tension of the line (hitch, fight with a fish). This would irremediably have the effect of hindering the next throw (the thread gets entangled, what is commonly called “wig”).

In general the advanced reel oscillation systems allow the use of braid and make mention of it.

Winding the braid on a reel also requires special materials (hard and smooth for some and robust).

The only time the spool turns is when a tension is exerted on the thread (for example when a fish is at the end of the line). The coil is then braked by a brake located either on the front of it (and therefore the reel) is at the rear of the frame. We speak of “front brake” (sometimes mentioned “F” or “FD” for Front and Front Drag) or “rear brake” (mentioned in this case “R” for Rear).

How to choose your spinning reel?

Beginning anglers often face a challenge in choosing their best reels. Especially for those who have no or little experience in this area.

In the guide, which I will present below. I want to share some helpful tips to help you make the right choice. But First You Should Know This  :

What materials for his reel?

90% of the spinning reels are made with two materials

  • aluminum
  • Graphite.

Some designs have both.  Okay I grant you this all may sound abstract for anyone who does not have a degree in mechanical engineering.

What you need to understand is that each of these materials has advantages that will guide you in your choice.

How to choose what will suit you best?

Simple. Answer the two questions below:

Are you looking for a light or heavy weight reel? In what environment do you fish? (sea or fresh water)

Now that you have answered. It’s time to make your choice of your spinning reel. It is necessary to consider whether strength or weight is more important to you.

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-Aluminum is stronger.

-Graphite is lighter.

The environment type also determines the type of coil to use. If you   (lake, river, etc …) aluminum will be preferred. For sea fishing (saltwater). Graphite is a better choice because they have better resistance to corrosion. However, both work in both cases

Selection How to select the reel and cane

  1. Determine the target species. 2. Determine the lines / lures you use to target these species. 3. Choose the ideal reel and cane for this type of fishing. Spinning reels matched with throwing rods, the molds correspond to casting rods. .

Use: start in spinning

The use of spinning equipment is relatively simple even for an uninitiated. To launch, simply place the wire coming out of the reel on his index finger, then open the pick-up (the finger then has the effect of preventing the thread from happening on its own). Give a cane movement (catapult type) and when it is in the right direction, the wire must be released from your index, so, with the acceleration of the throw, it will run alone. Then close the pickup (rather by hand even if some models of reels can do it by simply operating the crank). By closing it by hand it is possible to check that the thread (then relaxed) does not make an unwanted loop just before rewinding.

1- The backing node

First, you have to tie your line to the reel of the reel, it’s the backing knot. Here is the method:

Important detail, it is better to fill your reel with a reel mounted on a rod and pass the wire in all the rings as if you were in fishing action.

2 Assemble the strands between them.

 Align the male and female parts on a flat surface. Take a female strand in hand and while holding it firmly, take a strand of male. On some rods you will see keys, align them to be sure that the parts are properly assembled together.

If your strands do not get together, do not force. Refer to the assembly instructions. Check to see if any locking system has escaped you. If you force on the strands, you risk damaging your rod irretrievably.

With most rods, you will need to rotate the strands to assemble them. Hold the female strand in one hand while rotating the male strand. You will be able to block the strands in a safe way.

3 Ride the reel.


If you look at the bottom of your rod, you will see a notch and a ring where to insert the reel. This piece is called the reel seat. Position the front of the foot of the reel in the notch . Once done, slide the ring on the back of the foot. Once in place, screw to lock the ring.

Be careful not to over-tighten the reel’s foot. If you force too much on the thread, it could break and become unusable .

The reel acts like a screw, turning to the right you tighten and to the left you loose. So, by turning clockwise, you go up your line, and in the opposite direction, you go down.

4 Tilt the roll bar and pull the thread.

The hoop is the metal part at the front of the reel. Press lightly to rock it. After opening the hoop, you can pull on the wire and the reel will unroll it.

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Proceed with caution. If the room does not rock on its own, it’s probably not the hoop. The arch is supposed to rock without resistance.

Check that the spool of thread unwinds in the direction of rotation of the reel. If this is not the case, the thread will twist and knot, this is commonly called “wigs”. If the unwind and rotation of the reel are reversed, remove the reel and turn it over to put it back in the correct direction.

5 Pass the thread through the rings.

Most canes have four or five rings attached along the strands. Starting from the ring closest to the reel, pull the wire all the way through the rod. Continue until you reach the last ring at the end of the scion.

6 Fold down the hoop.

Simply push in the opposite direction to close the hoop. To check if it is properly positioned, gently pull on the wire. If the hoop is properly closed, the wire will not run.

Check the winding direction of the spool again by milling a little line. If the reel does not turn in the same direction as the reel, you will have to reposition it and re-line in the rings

7 Choose a lure

Match its color with time. The sunshine or the presence of clouds will influence the choice of lure. On sunny days, go for a silver lure. The silvery reflections will naturally reflect the light and this will attract the fish.

  If the weather is cloudy, prefer a golden lure. The golden coating will accentuate the reflection of light even in overcast or stormy weather

Choose the right lure.

 Choose the type of lure based on the fish you want to fish and the environment. If you are fishing in freshwater, go for a jig. The jigs are very effective at attracting freshwater fish with their leaden heads and the movements of their skirts. A waving spoon will be effective with fish looking for small prey. By its undulating movements, the spoon will make believe a fish fleeing, which will attract predators a little bigger 

If you prefer an all-purpose lure, take a spinnerbait . The spinnerbait is composed of two blades. A first blade on which is the hook and a second other acting as a rotating spoon to cause the fish and avoid clashes in the obstacles. The spinnerbait is intended to attract predators such as pike. It is also recommended for crowded banks.

Raise the lure

Pass the line through the lure. Once you have donned the lure on your line, pull about 20 cm of additional wire

Since the fishing line is difficult to distinguish, it is best if you practice knotting with string or shoe laces.

Secure your lure

There are countless decoys lost simply because of an inappropriate or poorly adjusted knot. Place your lure on the leader on a flat surface. Grasp the free end and reassemble it by wrapping it along the frame. Give him four or five turns around the frame to form loose curls.

Tighten the knot.

 Hold at the same time the free end on the one hand and the knot on the other. Tighten by sliding the knot towards the eyelet while holding the free end to tighten everything. Tighten firmly and cut off the free end protruding.

To tighten the knot, moisten it with a little saliva, it will lubricate the strand and allow the knot to slide more easily

See Also:  How to Fish a Jig for Bass ( Jigging for Bass Explained )


Ask about the type of fish you want to catch. You will be able to choose the most effective lure for each of them.

Choose a line and a cane according to the fish. The size and weight of the fish will determine the rod and line assembly you will need.

Maintain the reel

Maintenance of a reel is essential to keep its equipment in an optimal state of operation: nothing more unpleasant to have a squeaker that squeaks or scrapes during a game of fishing

[Diagnostic] Line Torsion

  1. If the line of your reel is not properly wound on the reel. 2. You must Wrap the line slowly and make sure the line is straight enough.

[Diagnostic] Line tangled during casting

For Spinning Reels: 1. The reel is too full of thread. 2. Use a line size that is too big for the spool. 3. Online memory. Solution: Refer to the suggested line specification for each reel and rewind with a new line. For the reels: The line is not properly wound on the reel. Re-spool the line.

[Diagnostic] The deposit is not closing correctl

For Spinning Reels: 1. The bail wire is deformed. 2. The compression spring of the handle is broken or weak. 3. Dirt or lack of lubrication in the suspension arms. Solution: Replace the compression wire or spring. Clean and oil your arms.

[Diagnostic] No pressure during the trail

For the reels: often the brake washers are defective following a lot of use, So replace them with new ones, you must have a small box of spare parts.

[Diagnostic] Gears are rough under pressure.

  1. Gears lack lubrication or are damaged. 2. Solution: Grease with oil (but not too much) or replace the damaged part.

[Diagnostic] The handle turns inversely on the hook.

  1. The non-return bearing is damaged. Replace the anti-rollover bearing with a new one. 2. The coil is too lubricated. Clean the bearing oil.

[Diagnostic] The line does not heap up properly

For Spinning Reels: you can use the instrument provided at the time of purchase to set the exact height of the spool on your reel. And by adding a gear washer, you can adjust the wire if it is too low or too high

[Diagnostic] The drag is not smooth / soft.

no grease on the brake washer or brake washer soaked in oil. Replace the lock washers or regrease the washer.

[Diagnostic] The coil makes noise during melting, does not throw it as far as before.

For reels: The velocity control system is too dry or worn. Cover of the oil spool. The 6-pin centrifugal braking system is worn out, replace it.

[Diagnostic] The horizontal wind line guide does not work.

For the reels: 1. The ratchet and worm shaft are worn or damaged. 2. The linear guide catch cap is loose. 3. Possible damage to the wind level pin. Solution: Replace the damaged parts.

gone fishing


1- What are the other types of reels?

There are 3 categories

Spinning reels (fixed drum)

Casting reels (rotating drum)

The spin casting reels

2- Why choose to fish in spinning?

If you agree, let’s go straight to the point.

“Simple and easy use”

3- what advantages for spinning?

-Easy to launch light lures (below 7-10 gr)

-Spacing distances often longer.

-Easy brake adjustment.

-More versatile set.

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